Olivier CHENU
Phd student

GMCAO / TIMC-IMAG
IDS

tel: (+33)4.56.52.00.05
fax: (+33)4.56.52.00.55
mail:

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Research them

HCI conceptions of sensory substitution - biomedicals and ergonomics applications

Augmented reality benefits today of big advancement. That allows to consider numerous applications avalaibles for particular persons. In that context, the goal of this thesis is to (1) design, (2) develop and (3) validate some devices of ubiquitous and embedded HCI for biomedical applications (particularly for the handicap) and ergonomics ones.

Publications

All these publications are available on hal
Tongue-placed tactile biofeedback suppresses the deleterious effects of muscle fatigue on joint position sense at the ankle.
Vuillerme N., Boisgontier M., Chenu O., Demongeot J., Payan Y.
Experimental Brain Research 183, 2 (2007) 235-40

Tongue-placed tactile biofeedback suppresses the deleterious effects of muscle fatigue on joint position sense at the ankle.

Whereas the acuity of the position sense at the ankle can be disturbed by muscle fatigue, it recently also has been shown to be improved, under normal ankle neuromuscular state, through the use of an artificial tongue-placed tactile biofeedback. The underlying principle of this biofeedback consisted of supplying individuals with supplementary information about the position of their matching ankle position relative to their reference ankle position through electrotactile stimulation of the tongue. Within this context, the purpose of the present experiment was to investigate whether this biofeedback could mitigate the deleterious effect of muscle fatigue on joint position sense at the ankle. To address this objective, sixteen young healthy university students were asked to perform an active ankle-matching task in two conditions of No-fatigue and Fatigue of the ankle muscles and two conditions of No-biofeedback and Biofeedback. Measures of the overall accuracy and the variability of the positioning were determined using the absolute error and the variable error, respectively. Results showed that the availability of the biofeedback allowed the subjects to suppress the deleterious effects of muscle fatigue on joint position sense at the ankle. In the context of sensory re-weighting process, these findings suggested that the central nervous system was able to integrate and increase the relative contribution of the artificial tongue-placed tactile biofeedback to compensate for a proprioceptive degradation at the ankle.
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How a plantar pressure-based, tongue-placed tactile biofeedback modifies postural control mechanisms during quiet standing.
Vuillerme N., Pinsault N., Chenu O., Boisgontier M., Demongeot J., Payan Y.
Experimental Brain Research 181, 4 (2007) 547-5

How a plantar pressure-based, tongue-placed tactile biofeedback modifies postural control mechanisms during quiet standing.

The purpose of the present study was to determine the effects of a plantar pressure-based, tongue-placed tactile biofeedback on postural control mechanisms during quiet standing. To this aim, sixteen young healthy adults were asked to stand as immobile as possible with their eyes closed in two conditions of No-biofeedback and Biofeedback. Centre of foot pressure (CoP) displacements, recorded using a force platform, were used to compute the horizontal displacements of the vertical projection the centre of gravity (CoGh) and those of the difference between the CoP and the vertical projection of the CoG (CoP-CoGv). Altogether, the present findings suggest that the main way the plantar pressure-based, tongue-placed tactile biofeedback improves postural control during quiet standing is via both a reduction of the correction thresholds and an increased efficiency of the corrective mechanism involving the CoGh displacements.
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Suppléance perceptive par électro-stimulation linguale embarquée : perspectives pour la prévention des escarres chez le blessé médullaire
Chenu O., Vuillerme N., Moreau-Gaudry A., Fleury A., Demongeot J., Payan Y.
Dans Actes de la 1ère Conférence Internationale Sur l'accessibilité et les systèmes de suppléance aux personnes en situations de handicap - ASSISTH'2007, France (2007)

Suppléance perceptive par électro-stimulation linguale embarquée : perspectives pour la prévention des escarres chez le blessé médullaire

We introduce the innovative technologies, based on the concept of "sensory substitution", we are developing in the fields of biomedical engineering and human disability. Precisely, our goal is to design, develop and validate practical assistive biomedical and/or technical devices and/or rehabilitating procedures for persons with disabilities, using artificial tongue-placed tactile biofeedback systems. This paper proposes an application for pressure sores prevention in case of spinal cord injuries (persons with paraplegia, or tetraplegia).
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A Plantar-pressure Based Tongue-placed Tactile Biofeedback System for Balance Improvement.
Vuillerme N., Chenu O., Pinsault N., Fleury A., Demongeot J., Payan Y.
Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering Supplement 1 (2007) 63-64

A Plantar-pressure Based Tongue-placed Tactile Biofeedback System for Balance Improvement.

Maintaining an upright stance represents a complex task, which is achieved by integrating sensory information from the visual, vestibular and somatosensory systems. When one of these sensory inputs becomes unavailable and/or inaccurate and/or unreliable, postural control generally is degraded. One way to solve this problem is to supplement and/or substitute limited/altered/missing sensory information by providing additional sensory information to the central nervous system via an alternative sensory modality. Along these lines, we developed an original biofeedback system [1] whose underlying principle consists in supplying the user with supplementary sensory information related to foot sole pressure distribution through a tongue-placed output device (Tongue Display Unit, "TDU" [2]). The purpose of the present experiment was to assess its effectiveness in improving balance in young healthy adults.
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Pressure sensor-based tongue-placed electrotactile biofeedback for balance improvement - Biomedical application to prevent pressure sores formation and falls.
Vuillerme N., Chenu O., Pinsault N., Moreau-Gaudry A., Fleury A., Demongeot J., Payan Y.
Dans Proceedings of the 29th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. - 29th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society., France (2007)/i>

Pressure sensor-based tongue-placed electrotactile biofeedback for balance improvement - Biomedical application to prevent pressure sores formation and falls.

We introduce the innovative technologies, based on the concept of "sensory substitution", we are developing in the fields of biomedical engineering and human disability. Precisely, our goal is to design, develop and validate practical assistive biomedical and/or technical devices and/or rehabilitating procedures for persons with disabilities, using artificial tongue-placed tactile biofeedback systems. Proposed applications are dealing with: (1) pressure sores prevention in case of spinal cord injuries (persons with paraplegia, or tetraplegia); and (2) balance control improvement to prevent fall in older and/or disabled adults. This paper describes the architecture and the functioning principle of these biofeedback systems and presents preliminary results of two feasibility studies performed on young healthy adults.
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Inter-individual variability in sensory weighting of a plantar pressure-based, tongue-placed tactile biofeedback for controlling posture.
Vuillerme N., Pinsault N., Boisgontier M., Chenu O., Demongeot J., Payan Y.
Neuroscience Letters 431 (2007) 173 - 177

Inter-individual variability in sensory weighting of a plantar pressure-based, tongue-placed tactile biofeedback for controlling posture.

The purpose of the present experiment was to investigate whether the sensory weighting of a plantar pressure-based, tongue-placed tactile biofeedback for controlling posture could be subject to inter-individual variability. To achieve this goal, 60 young healthy adults were asked to stand as immobile as possible with their eyes closed in two conditions of No-biofeedback and Biofeedback. Centre of foot pressure (CoP) displacements were recorded using a force platform. Overall, results showed reduced CoP displacements in the Biofeedback relative to the No-biofeedback condition, evidencing the ability of the central nervous system to efficiently integrate an artificial plantar-based, tongue-placed tactile biofeedback for controlling posture during quiet standing. Results further showed a significant positive correlation between the CoP displacements measured in the No-biofeedback condition and the decrease in the CoP displacements induced by the use of the biofeedback. In other words, the degree of postural stabilization appeared to depend on each subject's balance control capabilities, the biofeedback yielding a greater stabilizing effect in subjects exhibiting the largest CoP displacements when standing in the No-biofeedback condition. On the whole, by evidencing a significant inter-individual variability in sensory weighting of an additional tactile information related to foot sole pressure distribution for controlling posture, the present findings underscore the need and the necessity to address the issue of inter-individual variability in the field of neuroscience.
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Controlling posture using a plantar pressure-based, tongue-placed tactile biofeedback system.
Vuillerme N., Chenu O., Demongeot J., Payan Y.
Experimental Brain Research 179, 3 (2007) 409-14

Controlling posture using a plantar pressure-based, tongue-placed tactile biofeedback system.

The present paper introduces an original biofeedback system for improving human balance control, whose underlying principle consists in providing additional sensory information related to foot sole pressure distribution to the user through a tongue-placed tactile output device. To assess the effect of this biofeedback system on postural control during quiet standing, ten young healthy adults were asked to stand as immobile as possible with their eyes closed in two conditions of No-biofeedback and Biofeedback. Centre of foot pressure (CoP) displacements were recorded using a force platform. Results showed reduced CoP displacements in the Biofeedback relative to the No-biofeedback condition. The present findings evidenced the ability of the central nervous system to efficiently integrate an artificial plantar-based, tongue-placed tactile biofeedback for controlling control posture during quiet standing.
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Artificial Tongue-Placed Tactile Biofeedback for perceptual supplementation: application to human disability and biomedical engineering
Vuillerme N., Chenu O., Moreau-Gaudry A., Demongeot J., Payan Y.
Dans Human Machine iNteraction Conference Human'07 - (2007)

Artificial Tongue-Placed Tactile Biofeedback for perceptual supplementation: application to human disability and biomedical engineering

The present paper aims at introducing the innovative technologies, based on the concept of "sensory substitution" or "perceptual supplementation", we are developing in the fields of human disability and biomedical engineering. Precisely, our goal is to design, develop and validate practical assistive biomedical and/technical devices and/or rehabilitating procedures for persons with disabilities, using artificial tongue-placed tactile biofeedback systems. Proposed applications are dealing with: (1) pressure sores prevention in case of spinal cord injuries (persons with paraplegia, or tetraplegia); (2) ankle proprioceptive acuity improvement for driving assistance in older and/or disabled adults; and (3) balance control improvement to prevent fall in older and/or disabled adults. This paper presents results of three feasibility studies performed on young healthy adults.
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Optimizing the Use of an Artificial Tongue-Placed Tactile Biofeedback for Improving Ankle Joint Position Sense in Humans
Vuillerme N., Chenu O., Fleury A., Demongeot J., Payan Y.
Dans 28th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society - (2006)

Optimizing the Use of an Artificial Tongue-Placed Tactile Biofeedback for Improving Ankle Joint Position Sense in Humans

The performance of an artificial tongue-placed tactile biofeedback device for improving ankle joint position sense was assessed in 12 young healthy adults using an active matching task. The underlying principle of this system consists of supplying individuals with supplementary information about the position of the matching ankle relative to the reference ankle position through a tongue-placed tactile output device generating electrotactile stimulation on a 36-point (6 X 6) matrix held against the surface of the tongue dorsum. Precisely, (1) no electrodes were activated when both ankles were in a similar angular position within a predetermined “angular dead zone” (ADZ); (2) 12 electrodes (2 X 6) of the anterior and posterior zones of the matrix were activated (corresponding to the stimulation of the front and rear portion of the tongue) when the matching ankle was in a too plantarflexed and dorsiflexed position relative to the reference ankle, respectively. Two ADZ values of 0.5° and 1.5° were evaluated. Results showed (1) more accurate and more consistent matching performances with than without biofeedback and (2) more accurate and more consistent ankle joint matching performances when using the biofeedback device with the smaller ADZ value
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Présentation d'une méthodologie d'évaluation de la faisabilité de la substitution sensorielle par électrostimulation linguale pour la prévention des escarres chez le bléssé médullaire paraplégique
Moreau-Gaudry A., Prince A., Chenu O., Demongeot J., Payan Y.
L'escarre 31 (2006)

Présentation d'une méthodologie d'évaluation de la faisabilité de la substitution sensorielle par électrostimulation linguale pour la prévention des escarres chez le bléssé médullaire paraplégique

Pressure ulcers are recognized as a major health issue in individuals with spinal cord injuries and new approaches to prevent this pathology are necessary. An innovative health strategy is being developed through the use of computer and sensory substitution via the tongue in order to compensate for the sensory loss in the buttock area for individuals with paraplegia. This sensory compensation will enable individuals with spinal cord injuries to be aware of a localized excess of pressure at the skin/seat interface and, consequently, will enable them to prevent the formation of pressure ulcers by relieving the cutaneous area of suffering. This work reports an initial evaluation of this approach and the feasibility of creating an adapted behavior, with a change in pressure as a response to electro-stimulated information on the tongue.
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Improving human ankle joint position sense using an artificial tongue-placed tactile biofeedback
Vuillerme N., Chenu O., Demongeot J., Payan Y.
Neuroscience Letters 405 (2006) 19-23

Improving human ankle joint position sense using an artificial tongue-placed tactile biofeedback

Proprioception is comprised of sensory input from several sources including muscle spindles, joint capsule, ligaments and skin. The purpose of the present experiment was to investigate whether the central nervous system was able to integrate an artificial biofeedback delivered through electrotactile stimulation of the tongue to improve proprioceptive acuity at the ankle joint. To address this objective, nine young healthy adults were asked to perform an active ankle-matching task with and without biofeedback. The underlying principle of the biofeedback consisted of supplying subjects with supplementary information about the position of their matching ankle position relative to their reference ankle position through a tongue-placed tactile output device (Tongue Display Unit). Measures of the overall accuracy and the variability of the positioning were determined using the absolute error and the variable error, respectively. Results showed more accurate and more consistent matching performances with than without biofeedback, as indicated by decreased absolute and variables errors, respectively. These findings suggested that the central nervous system was able to take advantage of an artificial tongue-placed tactile biofeedback to improve the position sense at the ankle joint.
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