Emmanuel Promayon

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MOP+13

JB. Mignardot, I. Olivier, E. Promayon, V. Nougier. Origins of Balance Disorders during a Daily Living Movement in Obese: Can Biomechanical Factors Explain Everything?. PLoS ONE, 8(4), 2013.

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Abstract

Obese people suffer from postural deficits and are more subject to falls than their lean counterpart. To improve prevention and post-fall rehabilitation programs, it seems important to better understand the posturo-kinetic disorders in daily life situations by determining the contribution of some key factors, mainly morphological characteristics and physical activity level, in the apparition of these disorders. Twelve severe android obese and eight healthy non obese adults performed a reaching task mobilizing the whole body. To further determine the origin of the postural and motor behavior differences, non obese individuals also performed an experimental session with additional constraints which simulated some of the obese morphological characteristics. Impact of the sedentary lifestyle was al so studied by dissociation of the obese in two subgroups: physically « active » and physically « inactive ». Movement kinetics and kinematics were characterized with an optoelectronic system synchronized to a force platform. The mechanical equilibrium pattern was evaluated through the displacements of the Centre of Mass (CoM) and the centre of foot pressure within the Base of Support (BoS). Results showed that obesity decreased movement speed (≈−23%, p<0.01), strongly increased CoM displacement (≈+30%, p<0.05) and induced an important spatio-temporal desynchronization (≈+40%, p<0.05) of the focal and postural components of the movement during the transition between the descending and ascending movements. The role of some morphological characteristics and of physical activity on obese patients' postural control disorder is discussed and set back in the more general context of overall factors contributing to postural deficits with obesity

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Emmanuel Promayon http://membres-timc.imag.fr/Emmanuel.Promayon

BibTex Reference

@article{MOP+13,
   Author = {Mignardot, JB. and Olivier, I. and Promayon, E. and Nougier, V.},
   Title = {Origins of Balance Disorders during a Daily Living Movement in Obese: Can Biomechanical Factors Explain Everything?},
   Journal = {PLoS ONE},
   Volume = {8},
   Number = {4},
   Publisher = {Public Library of Science},
   Month = {},
   Year = {2013}
}

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